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Chapter 19     Entire Code


ARTICLE 1. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE.

ARTICLE 1A. DIVISION OF FORESTRY.

ARTICLE 1B. SEDIMENT CONTROL DURING COMMERCIAL TIMBER HARVESTING OPERATIONS.

ARTICLE 1C. CARE OF LIVESTOCK.

ARTICLE 2. MARKETING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS.

ARTICLE 2A. PUBLIC MARKETS.

ARTICLE 2B. INSPECTION OF MEAT AND POULTRY.

ARTICLE 2C. AUCTIONEERS.

ARTICLE 2D. IMITATION HONEY PRODUCT LAW.

ARTICLE 2E. HUMANE SLAUGHTER OF LIVESTOCK.

ARTICLE 2F. BEEF INDUSTRY SELF-IMPROVEMENT ASSESSMENT PROGRAM.

ARTICLE 2G. TREE FRUIT INDUSTRY SELF-IMPROVEMENT BOARD.

ARTICLE 2H. CAPTIVE CERVID FARMING ACT.

ARTICLE 3. SALE OF FARM PRODUCTS BY COMMISSION MERCHANTS.

ARTICLE 4. COOPERATIVE ASSOCIATIONS.

ARTICLE 5A. CONTROLLED ATMOSPHERE STORAGE OF FRESH FRUITS AND VEGETABLES.

ARTICLE 6. DEMONSTRATION PACKINGHOUSES AND SIMILAR PLANTS.

ARTICLE 7. STATE AID FOR FAIRS.

ARTICLE 8. COOPERATIVE EXTENSION WORKERS.

ARTICLE 9. DISEASES AMONG DOMESTIC ANIMALS.

ARTICLE 9A. FEEDING OF UNTREATED GARBAGE TO SWINE.

ARTICLE 10. MALE BREEDING ANIMALS.

ARTICLE 10A. THE WEST VIRGINIA EGG MARKETING LAW OF 1998.

ARTICLE 10B. LIVESTOCK DEALER\'S LICENSING ACT.

ARTICLE 11. BULK MILK TRADE LAW.

ARTICLE 11A. DAIRY PRODUCTS AND IMITATION DAIRY PRODUCTS LAW.

ARTICLE 11B. FROZEN DESSERTS AND IMITATION FROZEN DESSERTS LAW.

ARTICLE 11C. SOUTHERN DAIRY COMPACT.

ARTICLE 11D. TRADITIONAL CHEESE PRODUCTION.

ARTICLE 11E. Milk and milk products.

ARTICLE 12. INSECT PESTS, PLANT DISEASES AND NOXIOUS WEEDS.

ARTICLE 12A. LAND DIVISION.

ARTICLE 12B. INTERSTATE COMPACT ON PEST CONTROL.

ARTICLE 12C. INTERAGENCY COMMITTEE ON PESTICIDES.

ARTICLE 12D. WEST VIRGINIA NOXIOUS WEED ACT.

ARTICLE 12E. INDUSTRIAL HEMP DEVELOPMENT ACT.

ARTICLE 13. INSPECTION AND PROTECTION OF AGRICULTURE.

ARTICLE 14. WEST VIRGINIA COMMERCIAL FEED LAW.

ARTICLE 15. WEST VIRGINIA FERTILIZER LAW.

ARTICLE 15A. WEST VIRGINIA AGRICULTURAL LIMING MATERIALS LAW.

ARTICLE 16. WEST VIRGINIA SEED LAW.

ARTICLE 16A. WEST VIRGINIA PESTICIDE CONTROL ACT.

ARTICLE 16B. WEST VIRGINIA PESTICIDE USE AND APPLICATION ACT.

ARTICLE 17. FENCES.

ARTICLE 18. GENERAL STOCK LAW.

ARTICLE 19. PRESERVATION OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION.

ARTICLE 20. DOGS AND CATS.

ARTICLE 20A. VACCINATION OF DOGS AND CATS FOR RABIES.

ARTICLE 20B. SPAYING OR NEUTERING OF DOGS AND CATS.

ARTICLE 20C. WEST VIRGINIA SPAY NEUTER ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

ARTICLE 20D. PRIVATE CAUSE OF ACTION FOR THE HUMANE DESTRUCTION OF A DOG.

ARTICLE 21. DRAINAGE DISTRICTS.

ARTICLE 21A. CONSERVATION DISTRICTS.

ARTICLE 21B. WATERSHED IMPROVEMENT DISTRICTS.

ARTICLE 22. VINEGARS.

ARTICLE 23. HORSE AND DOG RACING.

ARTICLE 24. INTERSTATE COMPACT ON LICENSURE OF PARTICIPANTS IN LIVE HORSE RACING WITH PARI-MUTUEL WAGERING.

ARTICLE 25. LIMITING LIABILITY OF LANDOWNERS.

ARTICLE 26. GENERAL JOHN MCCAUSLAND MEMORIAL FARM.

ARTICLE 27. WEST VIRGINIA STATE FARM MUSEUM.

ARTICLE 28. VITAMIN AND MINERAL ENRICHMENT OF FLOUR AND BREAD.

ARTICLE 29. PRODUCTION OF NONTRADITIONAL AGRICULTURE PRODUCTS.

ARTICLE 30. DONATED FOOD.

ARTICLE 31. GUS R. DOUGLASS AGRICULTURAL CENTER AT GUTHRIE.

ARTICLE 32. AQUACULTURE DEVELOPMENT.

ARTICLE 33. EQUINE RESCUE FACILITIES ACT.

ARTICLE 34. DANGEROUS WILD ANIMALS ACT.

ARTICLE 35. FARMERS MARKETS.

ARTICLE 36. AGRITOURISM RESPONSIBILITY ACT.

ARTICLE 37. West VIRGINIA FRESH FOOD ACT.

ARTICLE 5. GRADING AND PACKING OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES.

§19-5-1. Standard grades for closed packages of fruits and vegetables.

The commissioner of agriculture shall establish and promulgate from time to time official standard grades for all closed packages of fruits and vegetables, by which the quantity, quality and size may be determined, and prescribe and promulgate rules and regulations governing the markings which shall be required upon packages of fruits and vegetables for the purpose of showing the name and address of the producer or packer, the variety, quantity, quality and size of the product.

It is the intent of this article that the commissioner of agriculture of West Virginia shall promulgate all United States standard grades for fruits and vegetables, and, after consulting with the president of the state horticultural society and a committee of five fruit and vegetable growers appointed by the president of said society, such committee to be made up of growers from the various fruit and vegetable producing sections of the state, shall, with their advice and consent, establish such other grades within this state as in their judgment may be advisable.

§19-5-2. Markings on packages.

Whenever such standards for the grade or other classification of fruits and vegetables under this article becomes effective, every closed package containing fruits or vegetables grown and packed in this state and sold, offered or exposed for sale, or packed for sale or transported for sale, by any person, firm, organization or corporation, shall bear conspicuously upon the outside thereof, in plain words and figures, such markings as are prescribed by the commissioner of agriculture of West Virginia under the provisions of this article.

§19-5-3. Enforcement of article.

The commissioner of agriculture of West Virginia shall be charged with the enforcement of the provisions of this article, and for that purpose shall have power:

(a) To enter and inspect personally, or through any authorized agent, every place within this state where fruits or vegetables are produced, packed, or stored for sale, shipped, delivered for shipment, offered for sale, or sold, and to inspect such places and all fruit or vegetable containers and equipment found in any such place;

(b) To appoint, superintend, control and discharge such inspectors and subordinate inspectors as in his discretion may be deemed to be necessary, for the special purpose of enforcing the terms of this article, to prescribe their duties and fix their compensation;

(c) Personally, or through any authorized agent or any such inspector, to forbid the movement of any closed package or packages of fruits or vegetables found to be in violation of any of the provisions of this article which have not been actually accepted by a common carrier for shipment in interstate traffic, and to require the same to be repacked or remarked. A carload of fruits or vegetables shall not be considered as actually accepted by a common carrier for shipment until the loading is finished, the car sealed and the bill of lading issued;

(d) To cause to be instituted through the prosecuting attorney of any county of this state, in any court of competent jurisdiction or before any justice of the peace of such county, in which fruits or vegetables are packed, shipped, delivered for shipment, offered for sale or sold, or may be found, in violation of any of the provisions of this article, prosecutions for such violations.

§19-5-4. When fruits or vegetables presumed offered or exposed for sale.

When fruits or vegetables in closed packages are delivered to a railroad station or a common carrier for shipment, or delivered to a storage house for storage, such delivery shall be prima facie evidence that the fruits or vegetables are offered or exposed for sale, except in movement of unpacked and unlabelled fruits or vegetables for the purpose of repacking.

§19-5-5. Offenses; penalty.

Any person, firm, organization or corporation, who shall violate any of the provisions of this article, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and, upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by a fine of not less than $25 nor more than $500 for each offense.

§19-5-6. Exemption from prosecution.

No person, firm, organization or corporation shall be prosecuted under the provisions of this article:

(a) When he or it can establish by satisfactory evidence that he or it was not a party to the packing, grading or marking of such fruits or vegetables;

(b) When he or it can establish that the fruits or vegetables offered for sale have passed inspection by an authorized inspector of this state and bear the official West Virginia inspection stamp, or by an inspector of the United States Department of Agriculture and found to be packed in accordance with the requirements of the commissioner of agriculture of West Virginia.

§19-5-7. Certificates of inspectors as prima facie evidence.

All certificates issued by inspectors in compliance with the regulations of the secretary of agriculture of the United States governing the inspection of fruits and vegetables pursuant to the act making appropriations for the United States Department of Agriculture, or pursuant to this article, shall be admissible as prima facie evidence in all courts of this state.

§19-5-8. Provisions of article separable.

If any section, subdivision, sentence, clause or phrase of this article is for any reason held to be unconstitutional, such decision shall not affect the validity of the remaining portions of this article.

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