West Virginia Code
This article shall be known and cited as the "Logging Sediment Control Act."
The Legislature hereby finds that some activities associated with the commercial harvesting of timber results in the exposure of soil and that, if uncontrolled, such exposed soil can erode resulting in gullying, soil slippages and sediment deposition in streams.
It is the policy of this state to strengthen and extend the present sediment control activities of this state by implementing operator licensing, logger certification and logging operations notification programs through the Division of Forestry.
(a) "Best management practices" means sediment control measures, structural or nonstructural, used singly or in combination, to reduce soil runoff from land disturbances associated with commercial timber harvesting.
(b) "Chief" means the Director of the Division of Water and Waste Management of the Department of Environmental Protection, or his or her designee.
(c) "Director" means the Director of the Division of Forestry of the Department of Commerce or his or her designee.
(d) "Operator" means any person who conducts timbering operations.
(e) "Timbering operation," or the plural, means activities directly related to the severing or removal of standing trees from the forest as a raw material for commercial processes or purposes. For the purpose of this article, timbering operations do not include the severing of evergreens grown for and severed for the traditional Christmas holiday season; the severing of trees incidental to ground-disturbing construction activities, including well sites, access roads and gathering lines for oil and natural gas operations; the severing of trees for maintaining existing, or during construction of, rights-of-way for public highways or public utilities or any company subject to the jurisdiction of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission unless the trees so severed are being sold or provided as raw material for commercial wood product purposes; or the severing of trees by an individual on the individual's own property for his or her individual use provided that the individual does not have the severing done by a person whose business is the severing or removal of trees.
(f) "Sediment" means solid particulate matter, usually soil or minute rock fragments, moved by wind, rainfall or snowmelt into the streams of the state.
(a) A person may not conduct timbering operations, purchase timber, or buy logs for resale until he or she has obtained a license and met the requirements of this article.
(b) Exemptions. — A person who severs or removes, or hires or contracts with another to sever or remove, standing trees from his or her own land is exempted from the timbering operations licensure requirement of this section during any calendar year in which all trees severed or removed by or on behalf of the owner of record has a total gross sales value received by the exemption holder of less than $52,000. A person hired or contracted to sever or remove standing trees from the land of another is exempted from the timbering operations licensure requirement of this section during any calendar year in which all trees severed or removed by the hired or contracted person has a total gross sales value received by the exemption holder of less than $52,000.
(c) An applicant for a timbering operation license shall submit an application and the fee of $150 for each biennial renewal of the license. The application shall contain the following information:
(1) Name, address, and telephone number of the applicant and, if the applicant is a business entity other than a sole proprietor, the names and addresses of the principals, officers, and resident agent of the business entity;
(2) The applicant’s West Virginia business registration number or a copy of the current West Virginia business registration certificate. The Division of Forestry shall submit this information and a list of all applicants to the Tax Commissioner each month of the calendar year to ensure compliance with payment of severance, income withholding, and all other applicable state taxes; and
(3) Any other information as required by the director.
(d) The director shall propose rules for legislative approval pursuant to the provisions of §29A-3-1 et seq. of this code regarding the acquisition, suspension, and revocation of a license under this article. The rules are the proper subject of emergency legislative rules that may be promulgated in accordance with the provision of §29A-3-15 of this code.
(e) The director shall prescribe a form providing the contents and manner of posting notice at the timbering operation. The notice shall include, at a minimum, the operator’s name and license number.
(a) Upon a finding by the chief that failure to use a particular best management practice is causing or contributing, or has the potential to cause or contribute, to soil erosion or water pollution, the chief shall notify the director of the location of the site, the problem associated with the site, and any suggested corrective action. Upon the failure of the director to take appropriate action within three days of providing notice to the director, the chief may seek relief through the conference panel in accordance with section eleven of this article.
(b) Upon notification of the chief or upon a finding by the director that failure to use a particular best management practice is causing or contributing, or has the potential to cause or contribute, to soil erosion or water pollution, the director shall issue a written compliance order requiring the person conducting the timbering operation to take corrective action. The order shall mandate compliance within a reasonable and practical time not to exceed ten days. The person subject to the order may appeal the order within forty-eight hours of its issuance to the conference panel in accordance with section eleven of this article.
(c) The director has the discretion to immediately suspend a timbering operator or operation, or any part of a timbering operation, in any part of the state if:
(1) The director believes that the observed damage or circumstances on a timbering operation are sufficient to endanger life or result in uncorrectable soil erosion or water pollution, or if the;
(2) The operator is not licensed pursuant to this article; or
(3) A certified logger is not supervising the timbering operation.
(d) The timbering operation, the operator, or both shall remain suspended until the corrective action mandated in the compliance order is instituted. The director shall not lift the suspension until compliance is satisfactory or until overruled on appeal. Failure to comply with any compliance order is a violation of this article. The timbering operator or operation subject to the compliance order may appeal to the conference panel in accordance with the provisions of section eleven of this article.
(e) For a second violation within any two-year period, the director may suspend the license of any operator conducting a timbering operation or the certification of any certified logger supervising a timbering operation for no less than thirty nor more than ninety days if the person is found in violation of this article or article eleven, chapter twenty-two of this code. One or more violations for the same incident is only one violation for purposes of this subsection.
(f) For a third violation within any two-year period, the director may revoke the license of any operator conducting timbering operations or the certification of any certified logger if the person is found in violation of this article or article eleven, chapter twenty-two of this code. One or more violations for the same incident is only one violation for purposes of this subsection. A revoked license is not subject to reissue during the current licensing period.
(g) The director shall notify the chief of any order issued or any suspension or revocation of a license pursuant to this section within thirty days of the director's action.
(a) In addition to any other requirement of this article, no person may conduct timbering operations and no person may sever trees for sale unless the person notifies the director of the specific location on which the timbering operations or harvesting of timber are to be conducted. The notification shall be made in a manner designated by the director.
(1) All persons who conduct timbering operations or who harvest timber for sale, including those persons who are specifically exempted from the licensure requirements of §19-1B-4 of this code, shall provide to the director of the division notification of harvesting of timber, which shall include:
(A) The name and address of the harvester of timber;
(B) The name and addresses of the owner or owners of the property upon which the timber is located;
(C) The business tax number or social security number of the harvester of timber; and
(D) An acknowledgment that the harvester of timber will conduct the harvest according to best management practices.
(2) In addition to the requirements of subdivision (1) of this subsection, persons who are subject to the licensure requirements of §19-1B-4 of this code shall provide to the director of the division notification of timbering operations, which shall include, at a minimum, the following:
(A) The specific topographic location where the timbering operations are to be conducted;
(B) The approximate dates that the timbering operation will begin and end;
(C) The approximate acreage over which timbering operations are contemplated;
(D) The names and addresses of the owner or owners of the timber to be harvested and, if different, the names and addresses of the owner or owners of the property upon which the timber is located;
(E) A sketch map of the proposed logging operation, including haul roads, landings, and stream crossings;
(F) A description of the sediment control practices to be used by the logger during the timber harvesting operation;
(G) An acknowledgment that the operator will conduct the operations in compliance with the provisions of this article and any applicable rules promulgated pursuant to this article;
(H) A certification satisfactory to the director that all permits required under state law have been obtained or applied for and that all pertinent requirements for obtaining any permit applied for, but not yet obtained, have been complied with; and
(I) The name or names of the person or persons who will be supervising the timbering operations at the site of the operations and his or her logger certification numbers.
(b) The notification shall be made at least three days before the start of the operation.
(c) Further notice shall be given if the operation is to be, for any reason, closed more than seven days before the estimated date for closing provided under paragraph (B), subdivision (2), subsection (a) of this section.
(a) Any individual supervising any licensed timbering operation, or any individual supervising any timbering operation that is not exempted from the licensing requirements set forth in §19-1B-4 of this code, must be certified pursuant to this section.
(b) The director is responsible for the development of standards and criteria for education, training, and examination that must be successfully completed for persons to be certified to supervise any timbering operation. The certified logger shall attend a total of six hours of training every two years prior to recertification. The program for certified loggers shall, at a minimum, provide for education and training in the safe conduct of timbering operations, in first aid procedures, and in the use of best management practices to prevent soil erosion on timbering operations. The goals of this program will be to assure that timbering operations are conducted in accordance with applicable state and federal safety regulations in a manner that is environmentally sound and safe.
(c) The director shall provide programs using the resources of the division, other appropriate state agencies, educational entities, and other qualified persons. Each inspector under the jurisdiction of the chief shall attend a certification program free of charge and complete the certification requirements of this section.
(d) The director shall propose rules for legislative approval in accordance with §29A-3-1 et seq. of this code to effectuate the purposes of this article.
(e) Upon a person’s successful completion of the certification requirements, the director shall provide proof of the completion by issuing a numbered certificate and a wallet-sized card to that person. The division shall maintain a record of each certificate issued and the person to whom it was issued.
(f) The certified logger shall submit a fee of $150 for the initial certification application and the renewal application every two years thereafter.
(g) Every timbering operation that is required to be licensed under §19-1B-4 of this code must have at least one person certified pursuant to this section supervising the operation at any time the timbering operation is being conducted. All timbering operators shall be guided by the West Virginia forest practice standards and the West Virginia silvicultural best management practices to reduce sediment movement during a timber operation.
(h) The director shall, at no more than five-year intervals, convene a committee to review the best management practices to ensure that they reflect and incorporate the most current technologies. The committee shall, at a minimum, include a person researching silvicultural best management practices, a person in the field of silviculture, two loggers certified under this article, a representative of the Division of Water and Waste Management of the Department of Environmental Protection, and a representative of an environmental organization. The director shall chair the committee and may amend the best management practices according to the suggestions of the committee for the next certification cycle.
There is created in the state Treasury a special revolving fund designated the "Timbering Operations Enforcement Fund." All fees collected pursuant to this article shall be deposited into the fund: Provided, That amounts deposited in the fund which are found from time to time to exceed the amounts necessary to effectuate the purposes of this article may be redesignated for other purposes by appropriation by the Legislature.
This fund shall be appropriated to the Division of Forestry to be used for the administration and enforcement of the provisions of this article and for no other purpose.
The director or the chief has the right to enter upon any property for the purpose of making inspections to ensure that the provisions of this article and any rules promulgated pursuant thereto are being complied with.
Notwithstanding the provisions of §19-1B-5 of this code, whenever the director determines that any person has violated a provision of this article or any rules promulgated pursuant thereto, he or she may enter an order directing the person to cease the violation and, where appropriate, to take such action to remediate damage created or to take action appropriate for the specific site.
Any person having an interest which is or may be adversely affected by any order of the director may file an appeal in accordance with the provisions of §19-1B-11 of this code. Any person or entity aggrieved by an order issued under the provisions of §19-1B-5(b) or §19-1B-5(c) of this code may file an appeal under the provisions of §19-1B-11 of this code.
Any persons or entity aggrieved by a suspension or revocation order issued under the provisions of §19-1B-5(e) or §19-1B-5(f) of this code may file an appeal in accordance with the provisions of §29A-5-1 et seq. and §29A-6-1 et seq. of this code.
(a) Each forestry region in this state shall contain an informal conference panel composed of three persons to decide appeals of the director's orders. One member of the panel shall be selected by the director, one member shall be selected by the chief and one member shall be selected by agreement between the chief and the director. If a vacancy exists on the panel, the vacancy shall be filled by whomever made the initial selection. The members of the panel shall serve without compensation.
(b) Upon appeal of a decision under this section or upon petition by the chief, pursuant to the provisions of subsection (a), section five of this article, the panel shall hold an informal conference affirming, modifying or vacating an order of the director, or issuing an order in the name of the director. The panel shall forthwith notify the parties of its decision and as soon as practicable send written notice of its decision to the parties. The decision of the panel is final.
(c) A party aggrieved by a decision of a panel may appeal to the circuit court of the county wherein the cause for the order arose. The appeal must be filed with the circuit court within twenty days of the date of decision of the panel and shall be heard de novo by the court. The court may reverse, vacate or modify the decision of the panel. The decision of the circuit court is final unless reversed, vacated or modified on appeal to the Supreme Court of Appeals in the manner provided by law.
Acts, 2014 Reg. Sess., Ch. 70.
(a) It is illegal for a person to:
(1) Conduct timbering operations, purchase timber, or buy logs for resale in this state without holding a valid license from the Director of the Division of Forestry, as required by §19-1B-4 of this code;
(2) Conduct timbering operations or sever trees for sale at a location in this state without providing the Director of the Division of Forestry with notice of the location where the timbering or harvesting operations are to be conducted, as required by §19-1B-6 of this code;
(3) Conduct a timbering operation in this state that is not supervised by a certified logger who holds a valid certificate from the Director of the Division of Forestry, as required by §19-1B-7 of this code;
(4) Continue to conduct timbering operations in violation of a suspension or revocation order that has been issued by the Director of the Division of Forestry or a conference panel under §19-1B-5, §19-1B-10, or §19-1B-11 of this code; and
(5) Fail to reclaim the real property in accordance with the best management practices set forth by the Division of Forestry and the committee established in §19-1B-7(h) of this code.
(b) Criminal and civil penalties. — A person who violates any provision of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction, shall be: (1) Fined not less than $250 nor more than $500 for the first offense; (2) fined not less than $500 nor more than $1,000 for a second offense; (3) fined not less than $1,000 nor more than $5,000, or confined in jail not more than 30 days, or both, for a third or subsequent offense. In addition to fines and costs, a person or entity convicted of a violation of this section shall pay a $500 civil penalty to the division within 60 days. The civil penalty shall be collected by the court in which the person is convicted and forwarded to the State Treasurer for deposit in the Division of Forestry Timber Operations Enforcement Fund (3082) for use in administering the provisions of this article.
(c) Each day that a person is in violation of this section constitutes a separate criminal and civil offense.
(d) In addition to any other law-enforcement agencies that have jurisdiction over criminal violations, the following individuals who, as a part of their official duties, are authorized by the Director of the Division of Forestry to inspect timbering operations are also authorized to issue citations for any of the listed violations in this article that they have witnessed or confirmed through evidence thereof:
(1) Any forester;
(2) Any forest technician;
(3) Any forestry employee who has a two-year or four-year higher education degree in the field of forestry; or
(4) Any forestry employee that is accompanied by a forestry employee with a two-year or four-year higher education degree in forestry.
The limited authority granted to employees of the Division of Forestry to issue citations to enforce the provisions of this section does not include the power to place any individual or person under arrest except in the case of a third offense misdemeanor violation as defined in subsection (b) of this section.
All state agencies shall cooperate with the director in the director's efforts to ensure that persons conducting timbering operations are doing so in compliance with all applicable provisions of state law, and the director shall cooperate with such other state agencies to enforce their statutory and regulatory responsibilities and duties. Cooperation shall include the sharing of information necessary or helpful to the accomplishment of such responsibilities and duties. The director shall notify the chief of commencement of timbering operations. The chief and the director each shall submit an annual report on the progress and effectiveness of the programs incorporated in this article to the Governor, the Speaker of the House of Delegates and the President of the Senate.
Nothing in this article relieves any person conducting timbering operations from complying with any other provision of this code.