(a) As used in this chapter, "addiction" means a maladaptive pattern of substance use leading to clinically significant impairment or distress as manifested by one or more of the following occurring within thirty days prior to the filing of the petition:
(1) Recurrent substance use resulting in a failure to fulfill major role obligations at work, school or home, including, but not limited to, repeated absences or poor work performance related to substance use; substance-related absences, suspensions or expulsions from school; or neglect of children or household;
(2) Recurrent use in situations in which it is physically hazardous, including, but not limited to, driving while intoxicated or operating a machine when impaired by substance use;
(3) Recurrent substance-related legal problems; or
(4) Continued use despite knowledge or having persistent or recurrent social or interpersonal problems caused or exacerbated by the effects of the substance.
(b) As used in this section, "substance" shall mean alcohol, controlled substances as defined in sections two hundred four, two hundred six, two hundred eight and two hundred ten, article two, chapter sixty-a of this code or anything consumed for its psychoactive effect whether or not designed for human consumption.