WEST virginia legislature
2019 regular session
House Bill 2837
By Delegates Espinosa, Householder, Barrett and Storch
[Introduced February 4, 2019;
to the Committee on the Judiciary then Finance.]
A BILL to amend the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended, by adding thereto a new section, designated §19-23-12e, relating to the licensing of advance deposit wagering; defining terms; providing for source market fees; providing for certain distribution of source market fees derived from wagers of account holders; providing that advance deposit account wagers are authorized; providing exception from certain provisions of code; conferring jurisdiction to the Racing Commission; providing for the assessment and imposition of licensing and annual renewal fees; providing that applicants may bear certain costs; prohibiting advance deposit wagering in West Virginia unless conducted through an advance deposit wagering licensee; exempting advance deposit wagering from certain provisions of code and implementing rules; providing for criminal penalties for accepting advance deposit wagers without a license; providing authority for the Racing Commission to seek civil remedies and damages; providing for a regulatory fee; providing that all advance deposit wagers placed by residents within the state are considered to be wagering within West Virginia subject to the laws of this state and rules of the Racing Commission; providing for an investigation as to whether nonresident account holders of a licensee placed wagers while physically located in West Virginia; and authorizing rulemaking and emergency rulemaking.
Be it enacted by the Legislature of West Virginia:
ARTICLE 23. HORSE AND DOG RACING.
§19-23-12e. Licensing of advance deposit wagering.
(a) As used in this section:
(1) “Account” means an advance deposit wagering (ADW) account owned by an account holder and managed by an ADW licensee that the Racing Commission has determined will maintain a specific identifiable record of account deposits, wagers, credits, debits, and withdrawals and protect the account holder's confidential information.
(2) “Account holder” means a resident individual, at least 18 years of age who applies for and successfully opens an account with an ADW licensee.
(3) “Advance deposit account wagering” means a method of pari-mutuel wagering that is permissible under the Interstate Horseracing Act, 15 U.S.C §3001, et seq., in which an individual may establish an account with a person or entity, licensed by the Racing Commission, to place pari-mutuel wagers on horse or greyhound racing with the ADW licensee via electronic media or by telephone, but not including account wagering conducted through a licensee under §19-23-9(a) of this code, and the Racing Commission's rules thereunder with respect to wagering conducted pursuant to Racing Commission Rule §178-5-5.
(4) “Advance deposit wagering licensee” means an entity licensed by the Racing Commission to conduct advance deposit account wagering that accepts deposits and wagers, issues a receipt or other confirmation to the account holder evidencing the deposits and wagers and transfers credits and debits to and from an account.
(5) “Confidential information” means: (A) The amount of money credited to, debited from, withdrawn from, or present in an account; (B) the amount of money wagered by an account holder on any race or series or races, or the identities of racing associations on which the account holder is wagering or has wagered; (C) the account number and secure personal identification information of an account holder; and (D) unless authorized by the account holder, the name, address, or other information that would identify the account holder to any person or entity other than the Racing Commission or the ADW licensee that manages the account.
(6) “Electronic media” means any electronic communication device or combination of devices including, but not limited to, personal computers, the Internet, private networks, interactive televisions, and wireless communication technologies or other technologies approved by the Racing Commission.
(7) “Licensee” means any racing association holding a license as defined by §19-23-3 of this code;
(8) “Located” means, in regard to a resident account holder, where his or her principal residence is located.
(9) “Principal residence” means the street address identified by a resident account holder as that individual's residential address, as the address may be verified by the ADW licensee to the satisfaction of the Racing Commission.
(10) “Resident” is an individual who: (A) Is domiciled in West Virginia; (B) maintains a place of abode and spends at least 183 days within a calendar year in West Virginia; or (C) lists an address in West Virginia as his or her principal residence when opening an account.
(11) “Source market fee” means a fee that must be paid by the ADW licensee, which shall be six percent of total handle, excluding refunds and cancellations wagered by ADW licensee under this section, payable on a monthly basis to the West Virginia Racing Commission and distributed as set forth in §19-23-12e(b) of this code.
(12) “Total handle” means the total annual dollar sales amount of all pari-mutuel wagering on horse and greyhound races conducted at, or generated from imports or exports of simulcast horse and greyhound races to or from, a licensee, including all moneys from wagering conducted under §19-23-9, §19-23-12a, §19-23-12b, and §19-23-12c of this code, but excluding refunds, cancellations, and advance deposit wagering under this section.
(b) The source market fee must be paid by the ADW licensee on a monthly basis to the West Virginia Racing Commission and distributed as provided in this subsection.
(1) All source market fees derived from wagers of account holders shall be prorated between the licensees by dividing each licensee's total handle by the total handle of all West Virginia licensees in the prior calendar year, and distributed as follows:
(A) Ten percent of each horse racing licensee's prorated amount to the West Virginia Thoroughbred Development Fund; and 10 percent of each dog racing licensees prorated amount to the West Virginia Racing Commission Special Account-West Virginia Greyhound Breeding Development Fund;
(B) Forty-five percent to the purse fund of each prorated licensee; and
(C) Forty-five percent to each prorated licensee.
(2) The Racing Commission shall be responsible for the distribution of all source market fee payments pursuant to §19-23-12e(b)(1) of this code.
(c) The advance deposit account wagers placed by account holders with an ADW licensee licensed by the Racing Commission in accordance with this section are authorized and the provisions of §61-10-1 of this code relating to gaming do not apply to advance deposit account wagering conducted in accordance with this section.
(d) The Racing Commission is vested with jurisdiction over any person or entity that solicits account holders or offers advance deposit wagering in West Virginia. Any person or entity under the jurisdiction of the Racing Commission shall be licensed and the Racing Commission may impose a nonrefundable initial and annual renewal licensing application fee not to exceed $5,000. Further, the Racing Commission may require any applicant for an initial or renewal ADW license to bear the costs involved in conducting background checks and reviews. If a licensee, or an affiliate of a licensee, applies for an ADW license under this section, all fees under this subsection shall be deemed paid and an ADW license issued as part of a licensee’s annual licensing, or, if license application is submitted apart from annual licensing, an ADW license shall be issued at the time the application is submitted.
(e) A person or entity may not conduct advance deposit wagering in West Virginia unless the person or entity has applied for and been granted an ADW license by the Racing Commission. The Racing Commission shall also ensure that, except for advance deposit wagering authorized under this section, all pari-mutuel wagering on racing is conducted within the confines of a licensee's racetrack or licensed contiguous hotel, as permitted under §19-23-9(a) and §19-23-12a(1) of this code and implementing rules thereunder, including Racing Commission Rule §178-5-5, or within an authorized gaming facility in a historic resort hotel, as permitted under §19-23-12d of this code and implementing rules thereunder.
(f) Any person who accepts an advance deposit wager who is not licensed as an advance deposit wagering licensee by the Racing Commission is guilty of a felony and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not more than $50,000 or imprisoned in a state correctional facility not more than five years, or both fined and imprisoned. Further, the court shall order any convicted person to pay restitution to recover all amounts that would have been payable to the Racing Commission under this section.
(g) The Racing Commission may seek injunctive relief against any person who accepts or attempts to accept an advance deposit wager without a license issued by the commission. The Racing Commission may also seek recovery of all amounts that would have been payable to the Racing Commission under this section, damages equal to three times the amount of recovery, and reasonable costs and attorney fees. Damages recovered by the Racing Commission shall be distributed as source market fees under this section.
(h) There is hereby assessed a regulatory fee of one percent of the total dollar amount of all advance deposit wagering placed by residents, excluding refunds and cancellations, to be paid by each ADW licensee, payable monthly to the Racing Commission’s general administrative account.
(i) Advance deposit wagers placed by residents are considered to be wagering conducted in this state and subject to the laws of this state and the rules of the Racing Commission. After January 1, 2022, upon joint request by licensees or organizations representing a majority of owners and trainers, the Racing Commission is authorized to inquire into and investigate whether nonresident account holders of an ADW licensee have placed wagers with such ADW licensee while such account holders were physically located in West Virginia. The Racing Commission shall promulgate rules establishing standards for ADW licensees to determine when, where and how much nonresident account holders wager while they are physically located in West Virginia.
(j) The Racing Commission may propose legislative rules for promulgation, pursuant to §29A-3-1 et seq. of this code to implement this section and may propose emergency rules to provide conditions for the licensing of advance deposit wagering. Those rules are to include, but are not limited to: (1) Standards, qualifications, and procedures for the issuance of an advance deposit wagering license in West Virginia; (2) rules establishing initial and renewal license fees and payment of same to the Racing Commission to cover the costs of licensing ADW licensees; (3) provisions regarding access to books and records and submission to investigations and audits by the Racing Commission; (4) provisions regarding the collection and distribution of those fees; (5) standards and procedures for opening, maintaining, operating, and securing ADW accounts, as well as protecting confidential information therein; and (6) any other conditions to ensure an orderly process of accepting ADW wagers in acting in the best interests of the West Virginia horse and dog racing industries.
NOTE: The purpose of this bill is to provide a mechanism to allow licensing of advance deposit wagering.
Strike-throughs indicate language that would be stricken from a heading or the present law and underscoring indicates new language that would be added.