WEST virginia legislature
2019 regular session
House Bill 2554
By Delegates Hamrick, Worrell, Higginbotham and Howell
[Introduced January 21, 2019; Referred
to the Committee on Education.]
A BILL to repeal §18-5-16a of the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended; and to amend and reenact §18-5-16 of said code, all relating to transfers and enrollment policies for students in public schools.
Be it enacted by the Legislature of West Virginia:
ARTICLE 5. COUNTY BOARD OF EDUCATION.
§18-5-16. Student transfers; legislative findings; appeals; calculating net enrollment; fees for transfer.
(a) Definitions. - For the purposes of this section, unless a different meaning clearly appears from the context:
“Nonresident pupil” means a pupil who resides in this state and who is enrolled in or is seeking enrollment in a school district other than the school district in which the pupil resides.
“Open enrollment” means a policy adopted and implemented by a county board to allow nonresident pupils to enroll in any school within the district pursuant to §18-5-16(c) of this code.
(a) (b) County districts and school
attendance. -- The county board may divide the county into such
districts as are necessary to determine the schools the students of its
county shall attend. Upon the written request of any parent or guardian, or
person legally responsible for any student, or for reasons affecting the best
interests of the schools, the superintendent may transfer students from one
school to another within the county. Any aggrieved person may appeal the
decision of the county superintendent to the county board, and the decision of
the county board shall be is final. (b) (c) Transfers between counties. -- legislative
findings (1) Transfers of students from
one county to another may be made by the county board of the county in which
the student desiring to be transferred resides. The transfer shall be subject
to the approval of both the board of the county in which the student resides
and the board to which the student wishes to be transferred. (2) Legislative findings. -- Over the past
several years, counties have been forced to close a number of schools because
of declining student enrollment. School officials predict that an additional
eighteen percent loss in enrollment may occur between 2002 and 2012. This
continued decrease in the number of students enrolled in the public schools of
the state may result in more instances of consolidation which will increase the
problem of long bus rides for students if they remain in a school in their
county of residence. Therefore the Legislature makes the following findings: (A) County lines may impede the effective and efficient
delivery of education services; (B) Students often must endure long bus rides to a
school within their county of residence when a school in an adjacent county is
a fraction of the distance away; (C) The wishes of parents or guardians to have their
children transferred to a county other than their county of residence should be
considered by the county boards; and (D) Where counties cannot agree, it is necessary to
establish a process to determine when transfers are appropriate. (3) The state board shall establish a process whereby a
parent or guardian of a student may appeal the refusal of a county board to
enter into an agreement to transfer or accept the transfer of the student. (A) The process shall designate the state
superintendent to hear the appeal. In determining whether to overturn a decision
of a county board, the state superintendent shall consider such factors as the
following: (i) Travel time for the student; (ii) Impact on levies or bonds; (iii) Other financial impact on the county of
residence; and (iv) Such other factors as the state superintendent may
determine. (B) If, during the appeal process, the state
superintendent discovers that the education and the welfare of students in the
transferring county could be enhanced, the state superintendent may direct that
students may be permitted to attend a school in another county. (C) If multiple appeals are received from the same
geographical area of a county, the state superintendent may impose on the
receiving county restrictions including, but not limited to, requiring the
receiving county to accept all students in that geographical area of the
sending county who wish to transfer to the receiving county. (D) If a student is transferred on either a full-time
or a part-time basis without the agreement of both boards by official action as
reflected in the minutes of their respective meetings and if the student's
parent or guardian fails to appeal or loses the appeal under the process
established in subdivision (3) of this subsection, the student shall be counted
only in the net enrollment of the county in which the student resides. (4) If, after two county boards have agreed to a
transfer arrangement for a student, that
(1) Enrollment policies. - County boards may establish and implement an open enrollment policy without charging tuition and without approval from any resident district from which a pupil transfers. These policies shall include admission criteria, application procedures, and transportation provisions. A school district may give enrollment preference to siblings of pupils already enrolled through the open enrollment policy, to children who are in foster care, and to children who meet the definition of unaccompanied youth prescribed in the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (42 United States Code §11434a). A school district may give enrollment preference to and reserve capacity for pupils who are children, grandchildren, or legal wards of persons who are employed by or at a school in the school district. A copy of the district policies for open enrollment shall be posted on the district's website and shall be available to the public on request.
(A) The county board of the district educating the pupil may provide transportation limited to no more than 20 miles each way to and from the school of attendance or to and from a pickup point on a regular transportation route or for the total miles traveled each day to an adjacent district for eligible nonresident pupils who meet the economic eligibility requirements established under the national school lunch and child nutrition acts (42 United States Code §§ 1751 through 1785) for free or reduced price lunches.
(B) The county board of the district educating the pupil shall provide transportation limited to no more than 20 miles each way to and from the school of attendance or to and from a pickup point on a regular transportation route or for the total miles traveled each day to an adjacent district for nonresident pupils with disabilities whose individualized education program specifies that transportation is necessary for fulfillment of the program.
(2) Net enrollment. — For purposes of net enrollment as defined in §18-9A-2 of this code, whenever a pupil is transferred on a full-time basis from one school district to another district pursuant to the provisions of this section, the county to which the pupil is transferred shall include the pupil in its net enrollment.
(3) If, after transferring to another county, a student
chooses to return to a school in his or her county of residence after the
second month of any school year, the following
shall apply applies:
(A) The county of residence may issue an invoice to the county from which the student transferred for the amount, determined on a pro rata basis, that the county of residence otherwise would have received under the state basic foundation program established in §18-9A-1 et seq. of this code; and
(B) The county from which the student transferred shall reimburse the county of residence for the amount of the invoice.
(c) (d) Transfers between high schools.
-- In any county where a high school is maintained, but topography, impassable
roads, long bus rides, or other conditions prevent the practicable
transportation of any students to such high school, the board may transfer them
to a high school in an adjoining county. In any such case, the county boards
may enter into an agreement providing for the payment of the cost of
transportation, if any, of the students. (d) (e) Transfers between states. --
Transfer of students from this state to another state shall be upon such terms
as shall be mutually agreed upon by the board of the transferring county and
the authorities of the school to which the transfer is made. (e) (f) No parent, guardian, or person
acting as parent or guardian shall be is required to pay for the
transfer of a student or for the tuition of the student after the transfer when
such the transfer is carried out under the terms of this section.
§18-5-16a. Authorization to transfer pupils from one district to another; mandatory transfer; payment of tuition; net enrollment.
NOTE: The purpose of this bill is to modify the transfer and enrollment policies for students in public schools.
Strike-throughs indicate language that would be stricken from a heading or the present law and underscoring indicates new language that would be added.