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Introduced Version Senate Bill 7 History

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Key: Green = existing Code. Red = new code to be enacted

WEST virginia legislature

2020 regular session

Introduced

Senate Bill 7

By Senators Azinger and Roberts

[Introduced January 8, 2020; referred
to the Committee on the Judiciary
]

A BILL to amend and reenact §61-8B-7, §61-8B-9a, and §61-8B-9b of the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended, all relating to raising the age of children who are victims of certain sex offenses to 16.

Be it enacted by the Legislature of West Virginia:


ARTICLE 8B. SEXUAL OFFENSES.

§61-8B-7. Sexual abuse in the first degree.


(a) A person is guilty of sexual abuse in the first degree when the person:

(1) Such person Subjects another person to sexual contact without their consent, and the lack of consent results from forcible compulsion; or

(2) Such person Subjects another person to sexual contact who is physically helpless; or

(3) Such person Being fourteen 19 years old or more, subjects another person to sexual contact who is younger than twelve 16 years old.

(b) Any person who violates the provisions of this section shall be is guilty of a felony and, upon conviction thereof, shall be imprisoned in a state correctional facility not less than one year nor more than five years, or fined not more than $10,000 and imprisoned in a state correctional facility not less than one year nor more than five years.

(c) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (b) of this section, the penalty for any person violating the provisions of subsection (a) of this section who is 18 years of age or older and whose victim is younger than twelve 16 years of age, shall be imprisonment for not less than five nor more than 25 years and fined not less than $1,000 nor more than $5,000.


§61-8B-9a. Mandatory sentence for person committing certain sex offenses against children.


(a) Notwithstanding Despite the provisions of §62-11A-1a, §62-11B-4 and §62-12-2 of this code, a person shall not be is not eligible for probation, home incarceration or an alternative sentence provided under this code if they are convicted of an offense under §61-8B-3, §61-8B-4, §61-8B-5, §61-8B-7, §61-8B-8 or §61-8B-9 of this code, are 18 years of age or older, the victim is younger than twelve 16 years of age and the finder of fact determines that one of the following aggravating circumstances exists:

(1) The person employed forcible compulsion in commission of the offense;

(2) The offense constituted, resulted from or involved a predatory act as defined in §15-12-2(m) of this code;

(3) The person was armed with a weapon or any article used or fashioned in a manner to lead the victim to reasonably believe it to be a dangerous weapon and used or threatened to use the weapon or article to cause the victim to submit; or

(4) The person removed the victim from one place to another and did not release the victim in a safe place. For the purposes of this section, “release the victim in a safe place” means release of a victim in a place and manner which realistically conveys to the victim that he or she is free from captivity in circumstances and surroundings wherein aid is readily available.

(b)(1) The existence of any fact which would make any person ineligible for probation under subsection (a) of this section because of the existence of an aggravating circumstance shall not be applicable unless such fact is clearly stated and included in the indictment or presentment by which such person is charged and is either: (i) Found by the court upon a plea of guilty or nolo contendere; or (ii) found by the jury, if the matter be tried before a jury, upon submitting to such jury a special interrogatory for such purpose; or (iii) found by the court, if the matter be tried by the court, without a jury.

(2) Insofar as the provisions of this section relate to mandatory sentences without probation, home incarceration or alternative sentences, all such matters requiring such sentence shall be proved beyond a reasonable doubt in all cases tried by the jury or the court.


§61-8B-9b. Enhanced penalties for subsequent offenses committed by those previously convicted of sexually violent offenses against children.


(a) Notwithstanding any provision of this article to the contrary, any person who has been convicted of a sexually violent offense, as defined in §15-12-2 of this code, against a victim under the age of twelve 16 years old and thereafter commits and thereafter is convicted of one of the following offenses shall be is subject to the following penalties unless another provision of this code authorizes a longer sentence:

(1) For a violation of §61-8B-3 of this code, the penalty shall be is imprisonment in a state correctional facility for not less than 50 nor more than 150 years;

(2) For a violation of §61-8B-4 of this code, the penalty shall be is imprisonment in a state correctional facility for not less than 30 nor more than 100 years;

(3) For a violation of §61-8B-5 of this code, the penalty shall be is imprisonment in a state correctional facility for not less than five nor more than 25 years;

(4) For a violation of §61-8B-7 of this code, the penalty shall be is imprisonment in a state correctional facility for not less than 10 nor more than 35 years; and

(5) Notwithstanding Despite the penalty provisions of §61-8B-8 of this code, a violation of its provisions by a person previously convicted of a sexually violent offense, as defined in §15-12-2 of this code, shall be is a felony and, the penalty therefor shall be is imprisonment in a state correctional facility for not less than three nor more than 15 years.

(b) Notwithstanding Despite the provisions of §62-12-2 of this code, any person sentenced pursuant to this section shall not be is not eligible for probation.

(c) Notwithstanding Despite the provisions of §62-11A-1a and §62-11B-4 of this code, a person sentenced under this section shall not be is not eligible for home incarceration or an alternative sentence.

 

NOTE: The purpose of this bill is to raise the age to 16 of children who are victims of certain sex offenses.

Strike-throughs indicate language that would be stricken from a heading or the present law and underscoring indicates new language that would be added.

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