WEST virginia legislature
2018 regular session
House Bill 4138
By Delegates Byrd, Fluharty, Lane, Miller, Phillips, Fleischauer, Moore, Lovejoy, Blair, Canestraro and Robinson
[Introduced January 16, 2018; Referred to the Committee on the Judiciary]
A BILL to amend and reenact §29-3-16a of the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended, relating to requiring each public or private school and daycare center that uses a fuel-burning heating system or other fuel-burning heating device that emits combustion gases to install carbon monoxide detectors in certain locations.
Be it enacted by the Legislature of West Virginia:
ARTICLE 3. FIRE PREVENTION AND CONTROL ACT.
§29-3-16a. Smoke detectors in one- and two-family dwellings; carbon monoxide detectors in residential units, schools and daycare facilities; penalty.
(a) An operational smoke detector shall be installed in the immediate vicinity of each sleeping area within all one and two family dwellings, including any "manufactured home" as that term is defined in §21-9-2(j) of this code. The smoke detector shall be capable of sensing visible or invisible particles of combustion and shall meet the specifications and be installed as provided in the current edition of the National Fire Protection Association Standard 72, "Standard for the Installation, Maintenance and Use of Household Fire Warning Equipment" and in the manufacturer's specifications. When activated, the smoke detector shall provide an alarm suitable to warn the occupants of the danger of fire.
(b) The owner of each dwelling described in subsection (a) of this section shall provide, install and replace the operational smoke detectors required by this section. So as to assure that the smoke detector continues to be operational, in each dwelling described in subsection (a) of this section which is not occupied by the owner thereof, the tenant in any dwelling shall perform routine maintenance on the smoke detectors within the dwelling.
(c) Where a dwelling is not occupied by the owner and is occupied by an individual who is deaf or hearing impaired, the owner shall, upon written request by or on behalf of the individual, provide and install a smoke detector with a light signal sufficient to warn the deaf or hearing-impaired individual of the danger of fire.
(d) An automatic fire sprinkler system installed in accordance with the current edition of the National Fire Protection Association Standard 13D, "Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems in Residential Occupancies" may be provided in lieu of smoke detectors.
(e) After investigating a fire in any dwelling described in subsection (a) of this section, the local investigating authority shall issue to the owner a smoke detector installation order in the absence of the required smoke detectors.
(f) An operational single
station carbon monoxide detector with a suitable alarm or a combination smoke
detector and carbon monoxide detector, which shall be alternating current (AC)
powered, either plugged directly in to an electrical outlet that is not
controlled by a switch or hardwired into an alternating current (AC) electrical
source, with battery
back up backup, and be installed,
maintained, tested, repaired or replaced, if necessary, in accordance with the
(1) In any newly constructed residential unit which has a fuel-burning heating or cooking source including, but not limited to, an oil or gas furnace or stove;
(2) In any residential unit which is connected to a newly constructed building, including, but not limited to, a garage, storage shed or barn, which has a fuel-burning heating or cooking source, including, but not limited to, an oil or gas furnace or stove;
(3) Effective September 1, 2012, in either a common area where the general public has access or all rooms in which a person will be sleeping that are adjoining to and being directly below and above all areas or rooms that contain permanently installed fuel-burning appliances and equipment that emit carbon monoxide as a byproduct of combustion located within all apartment buildings, boarding houses, dormitories, long-term care facilities, adult or child care facilities, assisted living facilities, one- and two-family dwellings intended to be rented or leased, hotels and motels.
(g) Effective January 1, 2013, all single station carbon monoxide detectors with a suitable alarm or a combination smoke detector and carbon monoxide detectors shall be hardwired into an alternating current (AC) electrical source, with battery backup, when installed in all newly constructed apartment buildings, boarding houses, dormitories, hospitals, long-term care facilities, adult or child care facilities, assisted living facilities, one- and two-family dwellings intended to be rented or leased, hotels and motels.
(h) In any long-term care facility that is staffed on a twenty-four hour, seven day a week basis, the single station carbon monoxide detector with a suitable alarm or a combination smoke detector and carbon monoxide detector shall only be required to be installed in an area of the facility that permits the detector to be audible to the staff on duty.
(i) Effective January 1, 2019, carbon monoxide detectors shall be installed in every public or private school or daycare facility that uses a fuel-burning heating system or other fuel-burning device that produces combustion gases. A carbon monoxide detector shall be located in each area with a fuel-burning heating system or other fuel-burning device that produces combustion gases.
(i) (j) Any person installing a carbon monoxide
detector in a residential unit shall inform the owner, lessor or the occupant
or occupants of the residential unit of the dangers of carbon monoxide
poisoning and instructions on the operation of the carbon monoxide detector
installed. (j) (k) When repair or maintenance work is
undertaken on a fuel-burning heating or cooking source or a venting system in
an existing residential unit, the person making the repair or performing the
maintenance shall inform the owner, lessor or the occupant or occupants of the
unit being served by the fuel-burning heating or cooking source or venting
system of the dangers of carbon monoxide poisoning and recommend the
installation of a carbon monoxide detector. (k) (l) Any person who violates any provision of
this section is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, for a
first offense, shall be fined $250. For a second offense, the person is guilty
of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined $750. For a third
and subsequent offenses, the person is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon
conviction thereof, shall be fined $2000. (l) (m) A violation of this section may not be
considered by virtue of the violation to constitute evidence of
negligence or contributory negligence or comparative negligence in any civil
action or proceeding for damages. (m) (n) A violation of this section may not
constitute a defense in any civil action or proceeding involving any insurance
policy. (n) (o) Nothing in this section shall be construed
to limit the rights of any political subdivision in this state to enact laws
imposing upon owners of any dwelling or other building described in subsection
(a) or (f) of this section a greater duty with regard to the installation, repair
and replacement of the smoke detectors or carbon monoxide detectors than is
required by this section.
NOTE: The purpose of this bill is to require all schools and daycares that use a heating system or other device that emits carbon monoxide to install a carbon monoxide detectors.
Strike-throughs indicate language that would be stricken from a heading or the present law and underscoring indicates new language that would be added.