WEST virginia legislature
2018 regular session
House Bill 2483
By Delegates Eldridge, Butler, Rohrbach, R. Miller, Sobonya and Iaquinta
[Passed March 5, 2018; in effect ninety days from passage.]
AN ACT to amend and reenact §49-4-720 and §49-4-722 of the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended, all relating to requiring the Division of Juvenile Services to transfer to a correctional facility or regional jail any person in its custody that has been transferred to adult jurisdiction of the circuit court and who turns 18 years of age; requiring transfer of juvenile under adult jurisdiction from a juvenile facility upon reaching 18 years of age if he or she has either been convicted or is in a pretrial status; directing the Division of Juvenile Services to notify the circuit court 180 days or as soon as practicable prior to a juvenile reaching 18 years of age; requiring the circuit court to set and conduct a hearing prior to the transfer to an adult correctional facility; making provisions of law related to victims applicable to proceedings held pursuant to the section; prohibiting persons 18 or older that commit an adult offense while under the custody of the Division of Juvenile Services from being returned to the placement in a juvenile facility; requiring the court to conduct a hearing prior to the completion of the adult sentence; and prohibiting a court from remanding a person who has reached 18 years of age and completed serving an adult sentence to a juvenile facility.
Be it enacted by the Legislature of West Virginia:
ARTICLE 4. court actions.
§49-4-720. Prohibition on committing juveniles to adult facilities.
(a) A juvenile, including one who has been transferred to criminal jurisdiction of the court, may not be detained or confined in any institution in which he or she has contact with or comes within sight or sound of any adult persons incarcerated because he or she has have been convicted of a crime or are awaiting trial on criminal charges or with the security staff (including management) or direct-care staff of a jail or locked facility for adults.
(b) A child who has been convicted or is awaiting trial of an offense under the adult jurisdiction of the circuit court may not be held in custody in an adult correctional facility of this state while under the age of 18 years. The Division of Juvenile Services shall notify the sentencing court and copy the county prosecuting attorney of the sentencing court within 180 days, or as soon as practicable, that the child will be turning 18 years of age. The court shall, upon receipt of the notice, set the matter for a hearing. Before the child reaches 18 years of age, the court shall hold a hearing and enter an order transferring the offender to an adult correctional facility, a facility for youthful offenders, if applicable: or any other disposition the court considers appropriate, which does not violate the provisions of subsection (a) of this section: Provided, however, That the court may not remand a person who reached the age of 18 years to a juvenile facility or place the person with other juveniles.
(c) The provisions of §61-11A-1 et seq. of this code, are applicable to proceedings under this section.
§49-4-722. Conviction for offense while in custody.
(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law to the contrary, any person who is 18 years of age or older who is convicted as an adult of an offense that he or she committed while in the custody of the Division of Juvenile Services and who is therefor sentenced to a regional jail or state correctional facility for the offense may not be returned to the custody of the division upon the completion of his or her adult sentence.
(b) Prior to completion of the adult sentence specified in §49-4-722(a) of this code, the circuit court having jurisdiction over the underlying juvenile matter shall conduct a hearing to determine whether the person who has turned 18 years of age shall remain in the regional jail during pendency of the underlying juvenile matter or if another disposition or pretrial placement is appropriate and available: Provided, That the court may not remand a child who reached the age of 18 years to a juvenile facility or placement during the pendency of the underlying juvenile matter.